Paypal Button

Tuesday, December 5, 2017

Speaking Freely: Eartha Kitt




What is the deal with Ambassador hotels?

https://www.maryferrell.org/pages/Essay_-_Incomplete_Justice_-_At_the_Ambassador_Hotel.html

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2010/dec/30/bobby-farrell-boney-m-singer-dies

Wednesday, November 29, 2017

[History Audiobook] Edward the First ("the Hammer of the Scots")



Big heads are rolling.  I think I'd have been a Jacobite.  We founded Catholicism in Maryland, as it turns out.  You probably understand the GREAT SIN in having a religion block our records for political and economic gains.  Dad was Catholic by the 50s, after serving as a corpman, during the Korean War.  Gregorian music soothes PTSD  and other stress-related problems common around the Beltway.  It's purpose was to marry Eastern and Western philosophies.  But we were taxed out the wazoo!

I'm 2.5 of 3 raised at Sacred Heart (Gaga's franchise) in Maryland after returning from the Midwest, having intentionally cured our melanin / Vitamin D deficiencies..... *ahem*
but it was St. John's that (grand) knighted him in New Bern, North Carolina in 1999.  Before that, we were not recognized in the Levittown social experiment we integrated.  (EYEROLLs until my eyes pop out) 
@thygeekgoddess if you're not following @Twitter right now, cinders and planks are flying all over the place!  oy-vey and ufta! 
A hard head makes a soft tuchos!
Thanks for the HIStory,
I'm interested in critiques as I work out my HERstory. 
(wink, wink, nudge, nudge) 
BTW, even our Mennonites, most of our marriage certs have brides at least 19 years old and alt-facts have people marked "deceased" when they merely removed to another territory.  Men also lied about their age in order to save their lands, or enlist in the military.
Cowboys were commonly used as the first medics, during the American Revolution and prior, as it turns out.
We go back to House of Kent. and Grant of Ballindalloch and Ballimore
....and founded New England.  
===============
So, you're quasi-illiterate gaslighter was the FIRST in your family to serve?

migraine says....  
edit later, maybe


Tuesday, November 14, 2017

Unexpected Results



SHOW YOUR WORK!
OK, OK.... Good Grief  

As it turns out, we'd been fighting RW Tories and Dixicrats on BOTH sides of the pond at the same time.

My dearest cheaters, gaslighters and bigots.

this isn't a game of "Finders Keepers"

(btw, I'm a geek, NOT an end user!)
PMW  I've been giving my best effort, but object impermanence is as rampant as opioid addiction.

(I'll flesh this out later.... exhausted)










Welp, now you know how it was for my parents.  Mom was a 3rd grade teacher, passed in Feb 1969.  Friends and neighbors were so sad she didn't live to see the launch, and she definitely suffered from the Levittown Blues.  One of her text books said, "One day, we'll go to the moon..."    She really wanted to go back to the farm in Kansas City. 
After the US Navy (corpsman) Air Force (radioman), Dad was a DoD programmer from the 50s.. under FORTRAN. They were quite a dynamic duo!  but...  #Gamergate goes back a lot farther than 2014.  so it would be really great if SOME people would quit bragging about what they ALLOW us to do for them ....when they refuse to educate themselves.
Reagan took her pension when it was my turn to somehow outrank Dad.  He didn't leave much room, so I had to go another dimension.   Virtual Worlds.

<+O



This came around about the same time as George Carlin's rant.  "stuff"....sheesh







Kinda funny what "AF" stands for THESE days, huh?







I wonder what part of "NEVER" this world doesn't understand?




OH!  OK... 








rly?
clearly I need a study buddy





Don't panic, CALL A BLACKWELL!




My favorite bird. "Lima-Lima THREE THREE"!!"
I wanted to gut the gear (except for the radios and V-Sat), and paint it like 
the Partridge Family Lego bus.  
OF COURSE, I wanted to fly it!
KNOWING that, the gaslighters who couldn't retain talent, decided to put me in Nav-Comm C-school and THEN tell me that locked me as a landlubber, for the rest of my Naval career.

E4 paid 10k/year where the same private sector gig had a 40/hour market value...which was what Texas offered before I got my degree!  


(so my market value would stay nice and LOW where jerks like it)

before I left, honorably discharged, it was clear they were trying to feed female Trons and ground crew into geisha and whores.   The Tailhook scandal took place 6 months after I was gone.  As gaslighting goes....morons suck at IT fiercely.



























































and no family is complete without one of these!









#DenounceReagan









EARLDOM OF SALISBURY (VI, 1)

Posted 10 Feb 2011 by finneygirls


WILLIAM (DE MONTAGU), LORD MONTAGU, 2nd but 1st surviving son and heir, of William, 2nd LORD MONTAGU (under the writ of 29 December 1299), by Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Piers DE MONTFORT of Beaudesert, co. Warwick, by Maud, daughter and heir of Matthew DE LA MARE, was born at Cassington, Oxon, and was aged 17-18 in May 1320, having succeeded his father, 18 October 1319. In September 1325 he was going overseas with the King, being then presumably the King's yeoman. Knighted in 1326. Summoned for service in Scotland 1327. In May 1329 he attended the King to do homage at Amiens, and in June began his successful service as a diplomatist. In July fol lowing he had a grant in consideration of labours daily endured by him, dwelling at the King's side. He was prime mover in the seizure of Mortimer, 1330, and was summoned to Parliament as LORD MONTAGU, 18 February 1331. In April 1331 he accompanied the King on his short secret journey to France; in September he held a great tournament in 'Chepe.' One of the keepers of Somerset 1332, under the Act of 6 Edward III, and later commissioner of the peace. In that year he became lord of Lundy Island by purchase. In 1333 he was in command of the siege of Berwick. From March 1333 /4 to May 1337 he was joint keeper, with Henry de Ferrers, of the Channel Islands. He was with the King in Scotland, 1335 and 1336. In January 1336/7 appointed Admiral from Thames' mouth westwards. On 16 March he was created in Parliament EARL OF SALISBURY. In October he was appointed joint commander in Scotland, and a commissioner to treat for a peace; in December sole commissioner to deal with John of the Isles for a treaty. He accompanied the King to Flanders, July 1338; on 20 September, at Antwerp, he was made Marshal of England for life. He was largely responsible for the negotiations, diplomatic and financial, with England's possible allies and supporters, in 1338-39, including the pawning of the royal crowns. In September 1339 a practical measure of relief, for which the Earl had long pressed, was granted to debtors of under £10 to the Exchequer, to persons sued for escapes of prisoners, &c. In December of that year he remained as hostage to the Duke of Lorraine, while the King returned to England. Soon after Easter, 1340, he and the Earl of Suffolk, in a too adventurous pursuit of the French, were taken prisoners inside the gate of Lille. In August 1343 he went, with the Earl of Derby, on an embassy to Castile, where he is said to have fought the Moors.

He married (in or before 1327) Katharine, youngest of the 3 daughters of William (DE GRANDISON), 1st LORD GRANDISON, by Sibyl, daughter and coheir of John (TREGOZ), LORD TREGOZ, and in her issue, coheir of her nephew Thomas, 4th Lord Grandison. He died 30 January 1343/4, and was buried at Bisham. His widow, who made a vow of chastity, and had dower in all his possessions, including the £20 annuity, died 23 April 1349. [Complete Peerage XI:385-8, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)

-------------------------------------------------------------

Sir William de Montacute, 2nd baron, d. in Gascony in 1319 and was s. by his eldest surviving son, William de Montacute, 3rd baron, who, the next year, although in minority, obtained a grant from the king of the wardship of his own lands, and in the 16th Edward II [1323], making proof of his age and doing his homage, had livery thereof. In three years afterwards he was made a knight of the Bath, and had an allowance of robes for th at solemnity as a banneret. In the 4th Edward III [1331], his lordship was deputed ambassador to the Pope, with Bartholomew de Burghersh, to return thanks to his holiness for confirming a bull of Pope Honorius IV, touching certain favours, by him granted, to the monks at Westminster; moreover, before the end of the year, a parliament being then held at Nottingham, he was the principal person who apprehended Roger de Mortimer, Earl of March, in the night-time within the Queen's lodgings there, and sent him prisoner to London, where he was soon afterwards executed for high treason. For this service, Lord Montacute had a grant in tail, to himself and Katherine, his wife, of the estate of Sherburne, co. Dorset, and of several other manors in Hants, Berkshire, Bucks, and Cambridgeshire; part of the possessions of the attainted Earl of March. He was summon ed to parliament from 5 June, 1331, to 29 November, 1336. In the 8th Edward III [1335], his lordship was constituted governor of the Isles of Guernsey, Jersey, &c., and the next year made constable of the Tower of London.

About this time, Lord Montacute acquired great distinction in the Scottish wars, but at the expense of one of his eyes, which he lost in the campaign. In the 10th Edward III [1337], he was appointed admiral of the king's fleet, westward, and 16 March, 11th Edward III [1338], in consideration of his numerous gallant achievements, he was advanced by charter, in full parliament held at London, to the title and dignity of Earl of Salisbury, to hold to him and his heirs, with a grant of £20 out of the profits of that county. Shortly after this he was joined in command of the army in Scotland with Richard, Earl of Arundel; and pursued his victorious career as well in Scotland as in France for the two ensuing years, when in storming the town of L'Isle, he had the misfortune to be made prisoner with Robert de Ufford, Earl of Suffolk, and conveyed in fetters, amidst the acclamations of the places through which he passed, to Paris, where the French king would have put him to death but for the interference of the King of Bohemia. His lordship and his fellow captive, the Earl of Suffolk, were soon after, however, exchanged. With his liberty, he  recommenced his martial career and won fresh laurels on the French soil. In the 16th Edward III [1343], having conquered the Isle of Man, he was crowned King thereof by his royal master. His lordship m. Catherine, dau. of William, Lord Grandison, and had issue, William, his successor; John (Sir), a distinguished warrior; Robert; Sibyl, m. to Edmund, son of Edmund, Earl of Arundel; Phillippa, m. to Roger Mortimer, Earl of March; Elizabeth, m. 1st, to Giles, Lord Badlesmere, and 2ndly, to Hugh le Despencer; Anne, m. to John, son of Roger, Lord Grey.

This great earl d. in 1343, of bruises received in a tilting at Windsor, and was s. by his eldest son, William de Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd ., London, 1883, p. 371-2, Montacute, Barons Montacute, Earls of Salisbury ]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------

The Medici Family was exonerated.  Having been named after Davinci's master, I was glad to see this proved his benefactor's innocence.

The big-bones showed they'd been athletic growing up.
SO THERE, and neener!



Francis aka Francois of Valois-Angoulême II
Submitted by kathyannaccarat
Description Birth: Jan. 19, 1544 Fontainebleau Departement de Seine-et-Marne Île-de-France, France Death: Dec. 5, 1560 Orleans Departement du Loiret Centre, France French Monarch. Oldest son of Henri II and Catherine de Medici. On April 24. 1558 he married the two years older Mary Stuart, Queen of the Scots in the Cathedral Notre Dame –de-Paris. He succeeded his father 14 months later. His mother was overwhelmed by grief and retired for some time to her palace. By this time François was considered to be of age and although he had always been sick and a bit mentally unstable there was no regent appointed for him. He choose the two brothers François and Charles de Guise, his wife's uncles, as his advisors. Due to his state of health they were able to reign the Kingdom by themselves. By the spring of 1560 the opposition to the Guise, supported by the Queen Mother was very powerful and threatened to escalate into a civil war. During a hunting trip he got an ear infection which worsened with every passing day and ended with an abscess in his brain. When the Queen Mother saw her sons end coming she pressured Antoine de Bourbon to give up his right to act as a regent for the next King. She also convinced the dying King to sign a statement in which he declared he had always acted alone and didn't follow his advisors. The Guise had demanded such a statement for their agreement to Catherine's contract with Antoine. He was succeeded by his brother Charles IX. Cathrine very successfully acted as Charles regent until 1563. (bio by: Lutetia) Family links: Parents: Henri de Valois (1519 - 1559) Catherine de Medici (1519 - 1589) Spouse: Mary Stuart (1542 - 1587) Siblings: Diane de France (1538 - 1618)** Francois II (1544 - 1560) Elizabeth of Valois (1545 - 1568)* Louis de France (1549 - 1550)* Charles IX de Valois (1550 - 1574)* Henri III de France (1551 - 1589)* Marguerite de Valois (1553 - 1615)* François Hercule de Alencon (1555 - 1584)* Victoire de France (1556 - 1556)* Jeanne de France (1556 - 1556)* Henri de Saint-Rémi (1557 - 1621)** *Calculated relationship **Half-sibling Burial: Saint Denis Basilique Saint-Denis Departement de Seine-Saint-Denis Île-de-France, France Maintained by: Find A Grave Record added: Apr 26, 2001 Find A Grave Memorial# 21918
 Francis aka Francois of Valois-Angoulême II

=====
(no, I don't know what happened with the formatting...  not an end-user)
Notes for James BlackwellJames Glenn Blackwell died in about 1749/50 and as a result we find evidence that he had a third son living with him. The Lunenburg County Court Order Book number 8 on page 385 for the April Court of 1751 mentions that the Church Warden of Cumberland Parish indentured a James Blackwell the orphan of James Blackwell to a carpenter named William Bargamy. The tithe list taken by Hugh Lawson for 1750 shows at that time a James Blackwell was already living with a William Burgamy. Since James was indentured by the court he was still under age at this time which would put the date of his birth at about 1733 to 1735. James was evidently not an outstanding member of society. On page 429 of Order Book 3 for the September Court for 1755 we find the following:

Cornelius Cowgill gentleman, sheriff of this county brought here into Court the Body of James Blackwell, who hath remained in the jail of this county for the space of twenty days and upwards, on the execution of the of William Uassery, and the said James voluntarily taking the oath by law Proscribed for insolvent Debtors, It is considered that he be forthwith discharged from his imprisonment.

Six years later he had not changed as on page 156 of order book 7 for 7 October 1761 shows a suit brought by James Gentry against James Blackwell for assault and battery. The case was dismissed.

Only a few other records are found which mention James Blackwell. In July 1762 a Charles Newman Blackwell is recorded appearing in court to chose James Blackwell as his guardian, and on 10 March 1763 a William Eddins receives security from James Blackwell for faithfully executing the will of a Charles Blackwell.

On 23 March 1763 the Deed Book shows that James Blackwell sold a tract of land to Abraham Muray and Jonathon Patterson. Finally, on page 151 of Order Book 9 an indenture from James Blackwell to the above mentioned Abraham Maury and Jonathon Patterson is proved. After 1763 James Blackwell vanishes from the records of Lunenburg County, Virginia. Whether he died or moved has never been discovered.

rootsweb story

Posted 07 Apr 2012 by cidgseeker


        

Thomas Miner
Born - April 23, 1608
Chew MagnaSomersetEngland

Died - October 23, 1690 (aged 82)
StoningtonConnecticutUSAResting placeWequetequock Cemetery
41.35993°N 71.87673°WCoordinates41.35993°N 71.87673°W

Known for - Founder of New London and Stonington, Connecticut
Spouse -Grace Palmer

Lyon's Whelp - wikipedia

Posted 04 jul 2012 by jolleymom4


In 1628, the very wealthy Duke of Buckingham built a private fleet of 10 three-masted, armed full rigged pinnaces, each of which carried the name Lion's Whelp. At least one Lion's Whelp participated in the English attempt to relieve the Huguenot citadel of La Rochelle during the Anglo-French War. Little information has survived about the careers of the other Lion's Whelps and they disappear from the historical record in 1654. Important documents about their finance and construction have survived and made a lasting contribution to our understanding of the Navy Royal during the early 17th century.
Introduction
The 10 Lion's Whelps built by the 1st Duke of Buckingham in 1628 are good examples of the 'war' pinnace, a war ship that was built for several European navies for more than two centuries (c.1550-c.1750). England, the Netherlands, Sweden and Poland deployed the war pinnace on a regular basis. The largest war pinnaces, also known as frigates, approximated England's fifth rate and sixth rate small warships. A few war pinnaces were built to fourth-rate hull dimensions. However, these war pinnaces carried less cannon and had smaller crews than English fourth, fifth, and sixth rates. Fast and maneuverable when compared to a typical ship of the line, when they were under the command of an experienced captain with a crew that retained discipline during battle, many war pinnaces compiled impressive fighting and espionage records.
English War Pinnace, de Verwer, c.1625.
.
Ten ships of the name Lyon's Whelp were built in 1628 by George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, and each was constructed to the same design. Although masted and armed from the stores of the Royal Navy, the fleet was paid for by the Duke. The entire fleet of ten Lion's Whelps cost Buckingham about £7,000 and for several years, they were his private fleet. With the exception of the Earl of Pembroke, the Duke of Buckingham was the wealthiest nobleman in England at this time. This ship building program indicates that the Duke of Buckingham could access very significant funds. The Duke spent £7000 in 1628 to build his fleet which in the first quarter of 2011 would be worth £624,120.00.[3][4]
Lion of Judah on Jerusalem Coat of Arms
Under the Duke's command, the Lion's Whelps were privateers dedicated to increasing his considerable personal fortune. The fleet of ten Lions Whelps was not taken over by the Navy until after Buckingham's assassination in 1632, and compensation of at least £4000 was paid to his estate.[Note 4]
The Earl of Nottingham
Lyon's Whelp was the name given to several British naval ships dating back to the 16th century, including at least two that were not financed or built by the Duke of Buckingham. The immediate predecessor to Buckingham's fleet of 10 Lion's Whelps was a war ship named Lion's Whelp that was owned by Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, who was the Lord High Admiral of England (1585–1619) and who was succeeded by the Duke of Buckingham.
Royal Arms of England was painted on the stern of Lion's Whelps.
This Lion's Whelp was loaned to Sir Walter Raleigh and joined the English fleet for the combined Anglo-Dutch attack and expected capture of Cadiz in 1596.[Note 5] Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex and Sir Walter Raleigh were among the commanders of landing forces while Sir Charles Howard as admiral led the fleet. Victory was swift because the Spanish fleet had been set afire in order not be captured and their land army was badly organized. The Dutch and English sacked and pillaged Cadiz all the while respecting its citizens much to the astonishment of the Spanish. This Lion's Whelp was sold to the state in 1602, and then repaired at Chatham by the ambitious young shipwright Phineas Pett (see below). The Duke of Buckingham received this Lion's Whelp as a gift from King James VI in 1625, shortly before the King died. Ratification of the transfer of ownership occurred under King Charles.
Ensign flown from the Lion's Whelpsstern.
Warrants, contracts, and shipbuilders
Several years ago, John Wassell worked with the Public Records Office in London and England's Calendars of State Papers to research the ten Lion's Whelps built by the Duke of Buckingham in 1628. His web page presents the most important information obtained - original period documents from the archive “State Papers, Domestic”.[5] Each Whelp had one gun deck, two masts with a rig that included square sails and lateen. There are only a few contemporary drawings and paintings of English war pinnaces or frigates of the Jacobean era. Details of hull design, armament and rigging are usually inferred using prints and hull designs of warships in the Dutch Navy.[Note 6]

The Duke of Buckingham's project to build 10 Lion's Whelps began with his warrant to two well-placed friends. Captain Sir John Pennington and Phineas Pett ensured that the ablest shipwrights of the region would be available for the building of this fleet. Their basic design was a warship of 125 tons with both sails and oars ('sweeps'). Ship construction would be done on the banks of the River Thames, particularly at Ipswich and Shorum.[6] The Lord Admiral was to oversee the “preparation and setting out” for 10 pinnaces of 120 tons each. (Each Lion's Whelp was built to 186 tons.. see below.) Each ship was to have a tender, and adequate supplies of oars, cable, anchors, sails, canvas and 'all other tackling and rigging to be furnished from his 'Majesties Stores', likewise for ordnance and ammunition. “Their Lordships well approving of the said motion did think fit and order the same accordingly.” The motive for building these ten ships was the 'enterprise of La Rochelle'. These ten ships would be added to the English fleet that would undertake to relieve the siege of the French Hugenot (Protestant) center of power at La Rochelle as imposed by King Louis XIII. Considerable resources must have been available because Phinaeus Pett left this employment at the end of July, which indicates that the ten ships had been completed and launched by that time (~6 months) or shortly thereafter. Thereupon the Duke's fleet set sail for Portsmouth and assignments with the Royal Navy.[7]>ref group=Note>The group that met at Whitehall on February 27, 1627 was impressive. The heart of England's political and military power was present: Lord Keeper (of the privy seal)- Lord Treasurer - Lord President (of the council) - Lord Admiral - Lord Steward - Earl of Suffolk - Earl of Dorset - Earl of Exeter - Earl of Morton - Earl of Kelley - Viscount Wimbledon - Viscount Grandison - Mr. Treasurer – Master of the Ward(robe) - Mr. Chanc(ellor) of the Exchequer - Mr Chanc. of the Duchy (of Lancaster)</ref>
English War Pinnace, de Verwer, ?c.1625
[8]
Although there are no surviving remains of any of the ten Lion's Whelps built by the Duke of Buckingham, it is possible to obtain a portrait of these ships. Dutch marine painters of the period often included detailed examples of Dutch, English and Spanish ships in their paintings. A small oil-on-copper painting by Abraham de Verwer c.1625, that is now in the England's National Maritime Museum, shows Dutch and English war pinnaces saluting each other outside a harbour. The English ship is a good fit to the reconstructed profile for a Buckingham Lion's Whelp as a three-masted war pinnace with a single gun deck that had eight broadside cannon ports. There is a grating or 'flying deck' over the waist, and Royal Arms decorated the stern. There is another and similar painting of an English single deck war pinnace in the National Maritime Museum.
The Anglo-French War
England invades the Isle de Re in 1627. A few pinnaces may be glimpsed among the 800-ship English fleet.
Buckingham's fleet lands at the beach of Sablanceau.
[9]
At least one of Buckingham's ten Lion's Whelps saw service with the British Fleet in England's attempt to relieve the Huguenot citadel of La Rochelle. English action in the Anglo-French War began with a siege of the fortress of Saint-Martin-de-Re in 1627. The English fleet was not able to lay siege to La Rochelle until several months later.
Historians are indebted to Jacques Callot who published a series of prints illustrating the English landing on the Isle de Re at the beach of Sablanceau, the Siege of Saint Martin-de-Re and the Siege of La Rochelle.[Note 7] Callot's technical innovations enhanced the detail in his prints. In his portrayal of the English fleet, it is possible to differentiate galleons, carracks, pinnaces and perhaps shallops becauise each ship type had the same minute iconic image. Peraps one of the pinnaces in these prints is Buckingham's sixth Lion's Whelp.
English Siege of the St. Martin Citadel, Callot Pl.1
Siege of Saint Martin by the Duke of Buckingham.
The besotted King James I assigned a central role to his favorite courtier with the expedition to relieve the stronghold of La Rochelle (Hugenot). England hoped that a success would bring the French Protestants into an alliance against Catholic Spain and provide a demonstration of English naval power that would leave King Louis XIII hesitant and fearful. English King James I had made George Villiers, Lord Admiral of the Royal Navy in 1619. As an important commander during the Siege of Saint-Martin-de-Ré (1627) and the attempt to relieve La Rochelle, the Duke of Buckingham revealed a serious lack of understanding and expertise when faced with both army and naval strategic challenges.
The siege of Saint-Martin-de-Ré was the first action in this attempt to take La Rochelle and it began when Buckingham's fleet landed troops on the beach at Sablanceau. Apparently Buckingham insisted on an orderly, slow and methodical organization of his army on the exposed beach, even as French troops and cavalry made repeated lightening attacks, emerging from the protection of the sand dunes. About 100 English casualties on the beach were unnecessary. Later, it was revealed that Buckingham's preparations for the siege of Saint Martin included ladders that proved too short to reach the top of Saint-Martin-de-Re's walls.
At least two English war pinnaces can be seen in the Callot print of Buckingham's fleet at Loix.
After three months, Buckingham called off the Siege of Saint-Martin. He retreated to Loix, then sailed home to England, defeated and humiliated.
English strategy correctly viewed the fortress of Saint-Martin-de-Re as a serious impediment to an assault on La Rochelle. With 80 ships and 7,000 men, Buckingham failed to take the fortress city. After three months and a final failed assault on October 27, 1627, he ended the siege and left for England from Loix with a demoralized, disease ridden force of 2,000 men, the survivors of his original army of 7,000 men.[Note 8]
Lion's Whelp to Massachusetts
In 1629 a Lion's Whelp sailed with four other ships from Gravesend on April 25, 1629 for the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Arrived and greeted by Governor John Endecott on June 30, 1629. All ships were armed merchantmen. Eight cannon were listed for this Lion's Whelpwhich is the number carried by the Duke of Buckingham's Lion's Whelps and most armed pinnaces as well. Is this ship Buckingham's second Lion's Whelp, diverted for a cross Atlantic run with settlers and provisions to the Massachusetts Bay Colony? A careful scrutiny of the record is not supportive of this conclusion. This Lion's Whelp is tentatively identified as the 120-ton ship that brought William Dodge, along with the Sprague family and others to Salem, Massachusetts in 1629. The Lyon's Whelp left Gravesend 24/25 April 1629 and arrived in Salem mid-July 1629, under Master John Gibbs (or Gibbon). It was one of six ships in a small fleet; the others including the Talbot, George BonaventureLyon, and a ship called the Mayflower (though not the Mayflower of the Pilgrims). This Lion's Whelpand her sister ships the Talbot and the George carried goods and new settlers to Naumkaeg, the Indian name for the territory settled by England's Massachusetts Bay Company at Salem.[10][11]
Appendix: 10 Lion's Whelps
Final costings for each Lion's Whelp are believed to have been in excess of the contracted rate, thereby raising the possibility that shipwrights deliberately built ships larger than agreed upon in order to inflate the final invoice. The worse example of this was Peter Pett and the sixth Whelp. The Duke wanted each Whelp to weigh 120 tonnes, and cost £139.5.
After the Duke was assassinated in 1632, his fleet of ten Lion Whelps was take into the Royal Navy and the estate reimbursed £4,500 according to Captain Pennington who had supervised their construction. Had the fleet been sold to England, as the Earl of Nottingham had done with his Lion's Whelp in 1602, very likely much more money would have accrued to the Buckingham estate.
  • Buckingham's first Lion's Whelp was built by William Castell of Southwark St Saviour in 1628. After the Duke was assassinated in 1632, she was taken into the Royal Navy and then converted into a chain ship for the Chatham “barricado” c. 1641. She was sent to Harwich as a careening hulk in August 1650, and then drops out of the historical record. Lion's Whelp may be the hulk at Harwich that was ordered to be sold in October 1651.
  • The second Lion's Whelp was also built by William Castell of St. Savior's in Southwark. She was converted into a chain ship for the Chatham 'barricado' c.1641, then was ordered to be sold in August, 1650 together with the Defiance and Merhonour as having become too decayed, even to be a careening hulk at Harwich.
Under the quay at Harwich
  • The third Lion's Whelp was built by John Dearsley of Ipswich at Wapping. She was listed as unfit for service in Batten's survey of 1647 and 'cast' before February, 1643.[12]
  • The fourth Lion's Whelp was built by Christopher Malim of Redriff. She was used for experimental constructions in the Project Dutchman, c.1633. These works in the hold were ordered for removal in March 1643 because they were of no use in a man-o-war. Details of the experimental constructions are lacking, although Warrell's research points to Cornelius Drebbel as having executed the removal order. The fourth Lion's Whelp struck a rock in St. Aubrey's Bay, Jersey on August 4, 1636 and sank without any loss of life.[13]
  • The fifth Lion's Whelp was built by Peter Marsh of Wapping and spent most of her life in service in Ireland. She foundered in the North Sea on June 28, 1637 and sank with the loss of 17 men. Cause of this tragedy was placed with the shipyard who built her of 'mean, sappy timbers'.[14][Note 9][15]
  • The sixth Lion's Whelp was built by Peter Pett of Ratcliffe. Peter Pett (1610-?1672) was an English Master Shipwright, the second Resident Commissioner of the Chatham Dockyard.[Note 10] Phinaes Pett was viewed as the greatest shipbuilder of his time, indeed perhaps the finest to have ever lived and worked in England. The reputation of the Pett dynasty ensured that the sixth Lion's Whelp was designed and constructed to the highest standards. Her captain was John Pett (1601/2 - 1628), the eldest son of Phineas Pett who died when the ship went down off the coast of Brittany when returning from the La Rochelle expedition in 1628.
  • The seventh Lion's Whelp was built by Matthew Graves of Limehouse, She and the famous ship-of-the-line' Mary Rose got into a dispute with a Dutch warship from Enkhuisen over a Dutch privateer captured off the Suffolk coast. Negligence in the powder store led to a fierce explosion that destroyed the seventh Lion's Whelp amidst action involving several ships from both countries. There is speculation that Captain Cooper became severely disoriented immediately after the loss of the ship, and thereafter was mentally incompetent.[16]
  • The eighth Lion's Whelp was built in the yard of John Graves of Limehouse, and she was used to transport gold to the Scottish parliament in 1644. The Eighth is another pinnace in the Duke's fleet that went 'rotten'. In July 1645, she was judged too decayed to repair and ordered to be laid up on the Woolwich shore.
  • The ninth Lion's Whelp was also built by John Graves of Limehouse and spent her active years in the Irish service. Her captain was Dawtrey Cooper in 1632/33, who had been the captain of the seventh Lion's Whelp when a seaman's negligence caused a fearful explosion and loss of life. During the ninth Lion's Whelp service at Ireland, there were continual disputes and near mutinies. She came to an end as a wreck in the River Clyde with the pinnace Confidence while taking supplies from Ireland to Dumbarton Castle (which is on the Clyde near Glasgow) in April, 1640. There is an incorrect record that the eighth and ninth Lion's Whelps were lost in a storm in 1628 that had wrecked the sixth. After a brief period of out of contact, the eighth and ninth returned to Portsmouth.
  • The tenth Lion's Whelp was built by Robert Tranckmore of Shoreham, went over to the Royalists after the fall of Bristol in 1643, then was recaptured by Parliament's forces in 1645. She was at Helvoetsluys with the Earl of Warwick's fleet in 1648, then was fitted out as a fireship for Blake's pursuit of Prince Rupert to Lisbon in 1650. Later the tenth Lion's Whelp was used for convoy work and communications during the First Anglo-Dutch War. The last historical mention of the tenth Lion's Whelp is on October 19, 1654 when she was sold to Jacob Blackpath for £410.
With sale of the tenth, this fleet of Lion's Whelps passes from recorded history. Their fragmentary historical record has provided additional information about the building of small war ships in the 17th century, and activities of the Royal Navy in the Anglo-French War.
Footnotes
  1. ^ There were discrete, small ports for "sweeps" (32' oars, each worked by 3 men). This galley-like feature can be traced back at least to Henry VIII's time. Frigates had oar ports well into the 18th century.
  2. ^ The number and configuration of the gunports in the Lion's Whelp design was a bit complicated. The Lion's Whelps – Introduction, History, Construction, What Did They Look Like? by James Wassell, Feb.23, 2003. Retrieved February 11, 2011. In what follows, 'port' refers to gun-port. “To make a Quarter-deck with two ports right astern and two quarter ports with a convenient Bulkhead (partition) and sight for Steerage. To make eight ports on each side from the bulkhead of the steerage forward and to fit places to row with two oars betwixt each port". "Port" here means a gunport. It is unclear whether the "quarter-deck" ports are at Gun deck level (ie. under the quarter-deck) or are for guns mounted on the quarter-deck.” (Wassell favored the quarter-deck.) “Only two guns were fitted right aft due to lack of space, to be fired either astern or as part of the broadside. This gives a total of 20 gunports, but the practical maximum armament was 16 guns as a similar lack of space in the bows meant that only one gun on each side, the "bowchaser", could be fired either out of the foremost port or from the next port aft. The forward end of the gundeck had to accommodate the foremast, bowsprit, riding bitts and a galley chimney. This description means that there was to be one gun deck fitted with 9 gunports each side, plus two sternchase gunports . . .”
  3. ^ The above dimensions show the Whelps to have been relatively broad in the beam. This was to allow them carry the proposed armament of 10 guns each. Each ship was to have 2 brass Sakers (6 lb shot) 4 demi-culverins (9 lb shot) and 4 culverins (18 lb shot). This was a remarkably heavy armament for ships of this size- the culverin being the standard lower gun deck armament of the biggest two-deckers of the time. This was achieved by using iron "drake" versions of demi-culverin and culverin. These were lighter than the standard cannon and used a smaller powder charge (an early equivalent of the carronade). They also weighed less than the brass sakers, despite the heavier ball. In addition, 26 iron demi-cannon drakes were added just before the departure of the fleet for La Rochelle! These guns fired a 32 lb shot and three of the Whelps received four such cannon. However, apparently they were left in the holds of most Whelps as the captains considered the decks too weak to support them.”
  4. ^ In 1619, King James I appointed George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham to the Admiralty and he became the Lord Admiral of England. Jovial and good natured to all who supported him, as a typical courtier Villiers was most interested in satisfying his vanity and arranging marriages for friends and those who were politically connected. The Duke had few qualities that would make him an effective admiral of the Royal Fleet. Nearly all of his political and military stratagems proved to be disasters.
  5. ^ Wassell's 1595 reference is likely to Raleigh's participation in this combined English and Dutch attack and capture of Cadiz in 1596. There was no expedition of any significance undertaken by Sir Walter Raleigh in 1595.
  6. ^ Lofting a ship the size of a Dutch or English war pinnace by eye was likely well within the capabilities of their shipwrights. A similar challenge was successfully met in 18th and 19th century American shipyards that built schooners, barques and brigantines, small and large.
  7. ^ Master of advanced etching techniques, Jacques Callot is credited with technical innovations such as the echoppe (needle) that allowed etchers to create a 'swelling' line; a lute maker's varnish based, etching ground that allowed for highly detailed work equal to that of engravers, and multiple “stoppings-out” which provided etchers with heretofore unknown possibilities to achieve subtle effects of distance and light.
  8. ^ King Charles would send two more fleets to relieve the Siege of La Rochelle. William Fielding, Earl of Dengbigh, sailed for La Rochelle in April 1628 but returned without a fight claiming that had no commission that authorized him to participate in fighting. The Duke of Buckingham organized the next fleet which sailed under the Earl of Lindsey who was now the Admiral of the Fleet. The Earl of Lindsey sailed in August, 1628 with 29 warships and 31 merchantmen and in September 1628, they attempted to relieve La Rochelle. The English bombarded the French positions and tried to force the sea wall, all in vain. The Earl of Lindsey was forced to withdraw and return to England. La Rochelle surrendered to King Louis XIII on October 28, 1628 and Catholicism in France solidified. England then ended its participation in the Thirty Years War by signing a peace treaty with France in 1629, and with Spain in 1639.
  9. ^ Wassell reproduces the report of Captain Edwin Popham regarding the loss of the fifth Lion's Whelp in a terrible storm. She sank four hours after springing her fist leak, the pumps were quickly overpowered. 17 men died with the fifth Lion's Whelp as she sank, the captain with 40 men survived in a small boat. Four hours rowing brought them to an English ship and rescue.
  10. ^ He was either: a) half brother of Phineas Pett (d.1631 – not likely); or b) son (d.1649) of the second marriage of Master Shipwright Peter Pett of Deptford (d.1589)
External links
  • Lion's Whelp, 1628 three-masted pinnace, Virginia Historical Society, retrieved December 12, 2010.
  • 16th century large English pinnace - early print. Lacking identity and provenance as depicted on Dr. J.P. Sommerville's page about Elizabeth I: Exploration and Foreign Policy (University of Wisconsin), n.d. Retrieved September 18, 2008.
References
  1. ^ The Lion's Whelps – Introduction, History, Construction, What Did They Look Like? by James Wassell, Feb.23, 2003. Retrieved February 11, 2011.
  2. ^ The Lion's Whelps – Introduction, History, Construction, What Did They Look Like? by James Wassell, Feb.23, 2003. Retrieved February 11, 2011
  3. ^ The Lion's Whelps – Introduction, History, Construction, What Did They Look Like? by James Wassell, Feb.23, 2003. Retrieved February 11, 2011 “Miscellaneous: costing to Mr. Browne (by Pennington) for a model of a pinnace - £3, 6/- costing to Mr. Maylim for model of 900 tonne ship with 'deck under water and store rooms upon it' - £6, 10/-”
  4. ^ National Archives, Currency Converter. Retrieved March 3, 2011. £7,000 1630 pounds are equivalent to £624,120.00 (2011 pounds).
  5. ^ Of Wassells, Whelps and Kennedys, by John Wassels, nd. Retrieved February 11, 2011.
  6. ^ The Lion's Whelps – Introduction, History, Construction, What Did They Look Like? by James Wassell, Feb.23, 2003. Retrieved February 11, 2011. “The State Papers, Domestic contain the indentures (contracts) between Pennington & Phineas Pett and two of the builders- John Graves and Matthew Graves- for the construction of these ships. (SP16 94 .430 .431). They are both dated the last day of February, 1628. (The year ran from 25 March to 24 March in those days, so a document dated 28 February 1627 refers to 28 February 1628 on our calendar.”
  7. ^ The Lion's Whelps – Introduction, History, Construction, What Did They Look Like? by James Wassell, Feb.23, 2003. Retrieved February 11, 2011
  8. ^ English pinnace warship as depicted on a small, oil on panel painting that in the 1970s was still hanging in the Queen's house. It appears to be the same ship, shown in mirror image, as the English pinnace in the paintings by de Verwer in the National Maritime Museum.
  9. ^ The English Siege of the fortress city of Saint Martin began with Buckingham's landing on the beach at Sablanceau, Isle de Re, July 12, 1627.
  10. ^ The History of Ten Lion's Whelps, by John Wassell. 2003. Retrieved 11 Feb 2010.
  11. ^ A Brief History of William Dodge of Beverly - 1629 – 1692, by Donald R. Dodge, 1997-2011, retrieved February 11, 2011.
  12. ^ The Lion's Whelps – Introduction, History, Construction, What Did They Look Like? by James Wassell, Feb.23, 2003. Retrieved February 11, 2011.1631 (SP 16. 198) lists 14 guns on ... the Third ... Whelp .. .
  13. ^ The Lion's Whelps – Introduction, History, Construction, What Did They Look Like? by James Wassell, Feb.23, 2003. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Transcriptions of letter/work order for removal of the experimental constructions, and the usefulness of 3” and 4” planks for work on ships elsewhere.
  14. ^ The Lion's Whelps – Introduction, History, Construction, What Did They Look Like? by James Wassell, Feb.23, 2003. Retrieved February 11, 2011
  15. ^ The Lion's Whelps – Introduction, History, Construction, What Did They Look Like? by James Wassell, Feb.23, 2003. Retrieved February 11, 2011. 1631 (SP 16. 198) lists 14 guns on ... the Fifth ... Whelp .. .
  16. ^ The Lion's Whelps – Introduction, History, Construction, What Did They Look Like? by James Wassell, Feb.23, 2003. Retrieved February 11, 2011. Wassell reproduces a letter from the captain of the Mary Rose to the Admiralty concerning these events.
  • Mystery of the Lion's Whelps, by Bennett Blumenerg, March 23, 2011.
  • Lion's Whelp 1628 three-masted pinnace, by New Zealand National Maritime Museum, nd. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
  • Hooker, Hourcre, Hourque, Hoeker Retrieved on Sept.1, 2008.
  • History of Ten Lions Whelps, by John Wassells, nd. Retrieved February 11, 2011.
  • The Lion's Whelps – Introduction, History, Construction, What Did They Look Like? by James Wassell, Feb.23, 2003. Retrieved February 11, 2011.
  • Mathew Baker and the Art of the Shipwright (in German). Baker was royal ship builder under Elizabeth I. "His Fragments of Ancient Shipbuilding' (1586) is considered a ground breaking work and invaluable for the study of 16th century shipbuilding. Sept.15, 2005.
  • When Galleons Ruled the Waves, by Ken Johnson, July 30, 2009. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
Lion's Whelp, 1628
Lion's Whelp, 1628 Career (England) Royal-Banner-of-England.gif Name: Lion's Whelp Ordered: February 28, 1628 Laid down: March 1628 Launched: late July, 1628 Acquired: Duke of Buckingham, July, 1628; Royal Navy, 1632 Commissioned: 1632 In service: 1628 to 1628 to 1654 Out of service: 1628 to 1628 to 1654 Fate: Various Notes: John Graves built eighth and ninth Whelps. Phineas Pett's certificates of works done have survived for all Whelps except the ninth.[1] General characteristics Type: 3-masted pinnace, auxiliary oared warship Displacement: 186 tons 180 long tons (183 t) Beam: 25 ft (7.6 m) Depth of hold: 9 ft (2.7 m) Propulsion: Sweeps (two oars between each cannon port).[Note 1] Armament: 9 broadside cannons, 2 sternchase gunports [Note 2][2][Note 3] Notes: The Whelps were classed as ships "of the sixth rank"